The Murrah buffalo is an Indian breed of domestic water buffalo popularly used for the dairy business in India. This buffalo breed is found in Haryana’s Fatehabad, Hisar, Jind, Gurgaon, Rohtak and Jhajjar districts. It is one of the most popular and high milk quantity producers in India and around the globe. Due to the expansion of this breed, it is now also found in many other nations, such as the Philippines, Malaysia, Ecuador, Azerbaijan, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Brazil, Vietnam, and China. It produces around 1500-1800L milk per lactation and contains around 7-8% fat content. However, providing a good diet is one of the most crucial factors determining the quality and quantity of milk. So, here in this blog, we will discuss different types of feed necessary for enhancing Murrah Buffalo’s milk productivity.
Feed to Serve Murrah Buffalo
Buffaloes use micro-organisms in the rumen to digest feed. The feed consumed by the ruminants is major in vegetable origin. The ruminant is an organization that is an expert in converting cellulose & other fibrous substances to high-quality milk. The ruminants regurgitate the food in their mouth and chew it multiple times, which further helps break down food.
When the animal swallows the feed, it enters the rumen compartment. Since there is no oxygen in the rumen, it is an anaerobe habitat. Microbes such as bacteria, protozoa, and fungi are present in the diet. When these microorganisms attack feed particles, enzymatic activity breaks down the components, which are then utilized for the germs’ metabolism, development, and reproduction. The rumen feed is masticated, regurgitated, and exposed to bacteria. Large particles gradually reduce the size and move to the reticulum and other locations. The size, flavor, and fiber content of a meal particle all affect how long it will remain in the rumen. The rumen movement of the buffalo is slower than that of the cow, which causes a slower rate of intake and outflow.
Since the pH of the rumen content is comparable to that of cattle, it is influenced similarly. Depending on the meal and feeding duration, a normal pH ranges from 6 to 7. There are five categories of feed ingredients: protein, energy, fat, minerals, and water. Methane and carbon dioxide are expelled as the microbial attack’s waste products. Together with ammonia, volatile fatty acids (VFA), of which acetic, propionic, and butyric acids are the predominant ones, are absorbed by the animal through the rumen wall and transported via the blood to, for example, the liver and udder, where they act as the building blocks for chemical compounds.
The rumen microorganisms can directly use ammonia to create proteins. One is feeding the buffalo’s germs rather than the animal itself. The health of the rumen microorganisms is essential to ruminants. As a result, it’s crucial to maintain a healthy rumen environment. The simplest and most effective method is to feed a lot of high-quality roughage and little high-quality concentrate.
All proteins are used by bacteria for their metabolic processes and integrated into the microbial bulk. After being broken down by gastric enzymes in the abomasums, microbial protein is of excellent quality and is absorbed as amino acids. The rumen wall absorbs ammonia, which is then carried to the liver by the blood and transformed into urea. The rumen microorganisms can use urea as a non-protein nitrogen source to create protein in cases of protein deprivation.
Nitrogen is disseminated and effectively utilized by the animal in this way. Proteins are capable of being shielded against microbial attack. This is known as “bypass protein.” Only in the abomasums and small intestines does bypass protein experience enzymatic assault, much like in monogastric mammals. In some ready-made concentrates, bypass protein is commercially available and typically provided to high producers.
Ruminants typically get their energy from carbohydrates. Starch and fiber are made up of sugars or carbohydrates. Cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin are components of cell walls commonly referred to as fiber. Animal stomach enzymes can digest starch but not fibers. Because of the ruminal bacteria, ruminants may consume fibers more than monogastric animals. Lignin, a type of wood fiber, is not used, nevertheless. The prevailing consensus is that buffaloes use fiber more effectively than cattle. Compared to cattle, buffaloes have a 5-8% greater digestive coefficient.
For the ruminant, fat is only as necessary in extremely modest amounts. However, any fat present in the diet is attacked and degraded by microbes. Hydrolysis transforms unsaturated fatty acids into saturated ones. This is one of the factors contributing to the ruminant’s milk and body fat being of the same composition, regardless of the feed provided. Fat may be used as a supplementary energy source if it can avoid being broken down in the rumen and is instead used in the lower digestive system. However, this could potentially negatively change the milk’s lipid composition. An excessive amount of unprotected fat reduces the microorganisms’ capacity to ferment fibers, which affects energy production.
So, diet is one of the most significant features that contribute to the milking productivity of a buffalo. However, finding a natural and nutrient rich diet is a major challenge buffalo owners face while feeding their buffaloes. However, trusting MeraPashu 360 can be considered one of the wisest decisions as they provide you with cattle feed online. MeraPashu 360 is one of the leading platforms that provide you with online selling and buying of the Murraha buffalo. They also deal in cattle home delivery, where you can order buffaloes online with a single click.